В. Каушанская - Сборник упражнений по грамматике английского языка

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В. Каушанская - Сборник упражнений по грамматике английского языка

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1. His smile was so easy, so friendly, that Laura recovered. (Mansfield)2. It was just luck that he didn't catch the boat. (Greene) 3. It infuriated him to think that there were still people in the state who believed in a loving and merciful God. (Greene) 4. The impression he gathered was that he would be able to make his own terms. (Galsworthy)5. In the front hall, under a large picture of fat, cheery old monks fishing by the riverside, there was a thick, dark horse-whip, that had belonged to Mr. Spears' father. (Mansfield)6. At first she used to read to me, but it was such a dismal performance that I could not bear to hear her. (Harraden) 7. I remember the landscape was buried deep in snow, and that we had very little fuel. (Aldington)8. In fact, Mrs. Spears' callers made the remark that you never would have known that there was a child in the house. (Mansfield)9. I believe that all we claim is that we try to say what appears to be the truth, and that we are not afraid either to contradict ourselves or to retract an error. (Aldington)10. The box that the fur came out of was on the bed. (Mansfield)11. "I sit alone that I may eat more," said the Baron, peering into the dusk... (Mansfield)

Exercise 8. Define the kinds ol clauses introduced by as. Translate into Russian.

1. Harmless as this speech appeared to be, it acted on the travellers' distrust, like oil on fire. (Dickens)2. Even as she talked she was here and there about the room, commenting on this, that, and other episodes with which both she and Miss Redmond seemed familiar. (Dreiser)3. I was in real distress, as I can tell you. (Dreiser)4. He kissed her quickly and ran towards the wicket as fast as he could. (Maugham)5. Then she looked very carefully around, nodding her head as she did so, seeming to count the objects. (Murdoch)6. He was, as I saw him now, too fanciful and too erratic. (Dreiser)7. His wife, as I have said, was small, talkative, cricketlike, and bounced here and there in a jumpy way. (Dreiser)8. Such trees as there were stood out ragged and lorn against a-wealth of sky, (Dreiser)9. She and a certain Wally, the surgeon above mentioned, as she breathlessly explained, were out for a drive to some inn up the Hudson shore. (Dreiser)10. As you may imagine, I am suffering from shock. (Murdoch)11. As I didn't reply, she sighed and turned away to pull the curtains across the darkened windows. (Murdoch)12. As you must know perfectly well, you could get your wife back if you wanted her even now. (Murdoch)13. Sally gave him a smile. It was as sweet and innocent as it had ever been. (Maugham)14. Another day, at tea-time, as he sat alone at table, there came a knock at the front door. (Lawrence) 15. "Do as I tell you," I said. (Murdoch)16. In front of a big book-case, in a big chair, behind a big table, and before a big volume, sat Mr. Nupkins, looking a full size larger than any one of them, big as they were. (Dickens)17. "This is grave news," she added, as we pushed our way to the exit. (Murdoch)18. "How are you and Alexander?" "We're as well as can be expected," said Rosemary. (Murdoch)19. And, young as you were — yes, and weak and alone — there was evil, I knew there was evil in keeping you. (Thackeray) 20. As I turned to look at her she seemed transfigured. (Murdoch) 21. He stretched himself on his bed as a dog stretches himself. (Maugham)22. Yet could I, as things were, rely on Georgie to be cheerful and lucid? (Murdoch)23. How trivial as this contact may seem to some, it was of the utmost significance to Clyde. (Dreiser)24. I shall only try now to describe him as I saw him at the start, before I knew certain crucial facts about him. (Murdoch)

Exercise 9. Define the kinds of clauses introduced by since and while. Translate into Russian.

1. Ever since you appeared on the scene, you have, for reasons which remain obscure to me, behaved towards me with hostility, and in two instances you have deliberately done me harm.(Murdoch) 2. I wanted to see you, since you wanted to see me. (Murdoch) 3. The master had remarked that even if he got it (the piano] into the cart he should not know what to do with it on his arrival at Christminster, the city he was bound for, since he was only going into temporary lodgings just at first. (Hardy)4. I wondered if Palmer and Antonia were indeed here, since we were much earlier than the time I had predicted. (Murdoch)5. They complained that he was concerted; and, since he excelled only in matters which to them were unimportant, they asked satirically what he had to be conceited about. (Maugham)6. Zillah is constantly gadding off to Gimmerton since papa went. (E. Bronte) 7. They went into the grill-room for dinner, since none of them were dressed. (Cronin)8. Then she lifted her hair on to the top of her head and balanced it there like a bundle while she tied it securely about with a handkerchief. (Murdoch)9. I felt in no mood for confronting Rosemary. She had never quite got on with Antonia and would on the one hand be delighted at what had happened, while on the other she would maintain a conventional air of distress. (Murdoch)10. Women with perambulators were parading in the green walks, and down long vistas of trees children bowled hoops while dogs ran barking behind them. (Murdoch) 11. While he was speaking, Joseph returned bearing a basin of mi Ik-porridge, and placed it before Linton. (E. Bronte) 12. There was no zest in the thought of departure, while the act of departure appalled him as a weariness of the flesh. (London)13. While he elbowed his way on, his eyes which he usually kept fixed on the ground before his feet, were attached upwards by the dome of St. Paul's. (Galsworthy)14. He had a glass eye, which remained stationary while the other eye looked at Reinhardt. (Heym)15. I had not communicated with Georgie since the day of the revelation, and since the thing was not yet common knowledge, she was still presumably ignorant of the change in my situation. (Murdoch)16. While he was standing there, a telegram was brought him. (Galsworthy)17. There was a moment's pause while he introduced her, and then they were off. (Dreiser)18. While they were happy for the first year or so... afterwards there had begun to appear difficulties in connection with her work... (Dreiser)

Exercise 10. Point out parenthetical clauses. Translate into Russian.

1. You never liked her, she says, and you have made him feel that she isn't worthy of him. (Dreiser)2. Already he was doing big things, so he thought, in surgery, and the older men in his line were regarding him with a rather uneasy eye. (Dreiser). 3. On one of these occasions, so Marie Redmond said, she came to her and announced that she was living in a basement room in one of the poorer sections of the city. (Dreiser)4. As I say, I was fortunate to get her. (Murdoch)5. Your story, you know, showed such breadth, and vigor, such maturity and depth of thought. (London)6. Her conduct, it was clear, was little satisfactory to her mother, who scarcely mentioned her, or else the kind lady thought it was best to say nothing, and leave time to work out its cure. (Thackeray)7. Thomas Esmond — captain Thomas, as he was called — became engaged in a gaming-house brawl, of which the consequence was a duel, and a wound so severe that he never — his surgeon said — could outlive it. (Thackeray)8 Truly, I thought, here is one who is startlingly beautiful. (Dreiser)9. The effect produced by both Lady Castlewood's children when they appeared in public was extraordinary, and the whole town speedily rang with their fame: such a beautiful couple, it was declared, never had been seen... (Thackeray)10. She suggested that she would come over and pack up my Minton dinner service and one or two other things which she said must on no account be trusted to the removal men. (Murdoch)11. My breathing, even my heartbeat must, I felt already, be audible through the house like the panting of an engine. (Murdoch)12. Two electric fires were burning in the room, but Antonia had insisted on lighting a coal fire, to cheer me up, as she put it. (Murdoch)

Exercise 11. Analyse the following sentences. Translate into Russian.

1. All f say is that only lies and evil come from letting people off. (Murdoch)2. The only thing which could be said against Miss Casement's report was that, if carried into effect, it would damage a great many existing interests. (Murdoch)3. Directly I began to cross the common 1 realized I had the wrong umbrella, for it sprang a leak and the rain ran down under my macintosh collar, and then it was I saw Henry. (Greene)4. Bigiardini, who had been allotted the window and door frames, summouned Michelangelo to his side, flicking his fingers for him to sprinkle some water, then stepped back in admiration from the tiny window he had just painted above Elisabeth's head. (Stone)5. I had left them early, declining a pressing invitation to dinner, and then had stayed up half the night drinking whisky, and I still felt, as I prepared to leave the office, rather sick and giddy. (Murdoch)6. All three incidents had resulted from the fact, of which he himself was well aware but which he was unable to overcome, that he was unstable and unreliable and a misfit in his profession. (Caldwell)7. But July arriving and his plan still indefinite, the first thing that occurred to him was that they might go off to some inexpensive resort somewhere. (Dreiser)8. When they met in the corridors and wards there had not been any semblance of the easy banter they had become accustomed to engaging in whenever they met. (Caldwell)9. And now Mason regretted that he had not telephoned before leaving Bridgeburg, for he could see that the news of his daughter's death would shock such a man as this most terribly. (Dreiser)10. She was in awe of Peter Saward, both because of those rather austere features of his character which inspired awe in most of the people who knew him and also for an extra reason of her own, because he was a sick man. (Murdoch)11. One day, however, very shortly after he had connected himself with the Green — Davidson, he had come in rather earlier than usual in the afternoon and found his mother bending over a letter which evidently had just arrived and which appeared to interest her greatly. (Dreiser)12. And then, without turning or seeing Clyde across the street, she proceeded to another house a few doors away, which also carried a furnished rooms card and, after surveying the exterior interestedly, mounted the steps and rang the bell. (Dreiser)13. Val was impressed; and happening to look at his mother's face, he got what was perhaps his first real insight that his feelings were not always what mattered most. (Galsworthy)14. So often throughout his youth in different cities in which his parents had conducted a mission or spoken on the streets it had been obvious that people looked down upon him and. his brother and sister for being the children of such parents. (Dreiser)15. He was so irritated and depressed by the poverty and social angularity and crudeness of it — all spelling but one thing social misery, to him — that he at once retraced his steps and recrossing the Mohawk by a bridge farther west soon found himself in an area which was very different indeed. (Dreiser)16. This visit had been planned to produce in Annette and her mother a due sense of his possessions, so that they should be ready to receive with respect any overture he might later be disposed to make. (Galsworthy)17. On hearing from the hall porter at the Iseeum that Mr. Dartie had not been in today, he looked at the trusty fellow and decided only to ask if Mr. George Forsyte was in the club. (Galsworthy)18. When he was born, Winifred, in the heyday of spirits, and the craving for distinction, had determined thai her children should have names such as no others had ever had. (Galsworthy)19. Having acquired so high a position locally, he was able to marry the daughter of a locai druggist of some means, and two children had been born to them. (Dreiser)20. On the night in question, at about nine o'clock, as they were nearing the south shore of Big Bittern, they encountered a young man, whom they took to be a stranger making his way from the inn at Big Bittern. (Dreiser)21. I attached little importance to Palmer's statement that what I had seen would be without a sequel. (Murdoch)22. The only person who appears to have seen the young man is the captain of that little steam boat that runs from Three Mile Bay to Sharon. (Dreiser)23. On seeing him, she stopped reading at once, and, flustered and apparently nervous, arose and put. the letter away without commenting in any way upon what she had been reading. (Dreiser)24. Just as he neared the corner and was about to turn at high speed, a little girl of about nine, who was running toward the crossing, jumped directly in front of the moving machine. (Dreiser)25. Hunter was twenty-seven and was what some people would have called a "pretty boy". (Murdoch)26. So convinced was he that he had seen her that he went straight home, and, encountering his mother in the mission, announced that he had seen Esta. (Dreiser)27. All she had to do after seeing him was to buy her ticket to Utica and get in one coach, and he would buy his separately and get in another. (Dreiser)28. I could not conceive what was the matter with me and it was not until halfway through the third day that I found out. (Murdoch)29. The chauffeur returning, she asked Clyde where he wished to go — an address which he gave reluctantly enough, since it was so different from the street in which she resided. (Dreiser)30. That I could love such a person was a revelation and education to me and something of a triumph: it involved a rediscovery of myself. (Murdoch)31. The day before he had heard Whiggam tell Liggett there was to be a meeting of department heads after closing hours in Smillie's office to day, and that he was to be there. (Dreiser)32. After swallowing a cup of coffee at one. of the small restaurants near the post-office and walking the length of Central Avenue toward the mill, and pausing at a cigar store to see if Roberta should by any chance come along alone, he was rewarded by the sight of her with Grace Marr again. (Dreiser)33. Being very lonely, and Dillard not being present because he had to work, Clyde decided upon a trolley ride to Gloversville, which was a city of some twenty thousand inhabitants and reported to be as active, if not as beautiful, as Lycurgus. (Dreiser)

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