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В. Каушанская - Сборник упражнений по грамматике английского языка

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Сборник упражнений по грамматике английского языка
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В. Каушанская - Сборник упражнений по грамматике английского языка

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1. In the morning, however, there was a comforting excitement in leaving the train. (Kahler)2. May be, after all, there was something in that wild idea of Albertine's. (Kahler)3. They gave him, in fact, a pleasant feeling of vicarious fatherhood. (Kahler) 4. Nicholas, unfortunately, had passed an unquiet night. (Cronin) 5. Nevertheless, despite this reasoning there remained in the Consul's breast that strange sense of jealousy. (Cronin)o. now fortunate to have such a reliable couple in the house. Naturally, he counted on the Burtons as an official standby. (Cronin)7. I am a human being, senor, and must take advantage of my opportunities. Frankly, I am accustomed to good wine. (Cronin) 8. He was surprised, evidently, to find Sally so much at home and bustling about like that. (Prichard)9. She was quite unconcerned, as a matter of fact, about being left alone in the camp, (Prichard)10. Perhaps her colonial upbringing had something to do with it. (Prichard)11. It was still too early for his ride, but he did not go back to bed, he wasn't deeply worried, to be sure, but he knew that he wouldn't be able to sleep. (Kahter)


Exercise 27. Point out what parts are detached and by what they are expressed.

1. Now their laughter joined together, seized each other and held close, harmoniously, intertwined through each other's fabric and substance. (Stone)2. Huckleberry Finn was there, with his dead cat. (Twain)3. We reached the station, with only a minute or two to spare. (Collins)4. Blind and almost senseless, like a bird caught in a snare, he still heard the sharp slam of the door. (Cronin)5. As he strode along he was conscious, within himself, of a deep, pervading sense of power. (Cronin)6. With his hands by his sides, he strolled very slowly and inconspicuously, down the border. * (Cronin)7. One summer, during a brief vacation at Knocke, his visit had come to the notice of Harrington Brande. (Cronin)8. We are very poor, senor, with many mouths to feed, and these fish would make a good meal for us. (Cronin)9. Unbelievingly, his eyes fixed, lips tightly compressed, Brande stared at the advancing youth. (Cronin)10. He remembered her brave and hardy, wjth a small-boned eager face, enriched with weather and living. (Sdnborn) 11. The girls had met and were strolling, arm in arm, through the rose arbor. (Douglas)12. Stout, middle-aged, full of energy, clad in a grease-stained dark blue print dress... she bustled backwards and forwards from the kitchen to the dining-room. (Prichard)13. She had become very drab and unattractive, with all the hard work, no doubt. (Prichard)14. But, for all that, they had a very pleasant walk. (Dickens)


Exercise 28. Point out homogeneous parts, define them and say by what they are expressed.

1. He had lived with this block for several months now, studied it in every light, from every angle, in every degree of heat and cold. (Stone)2. He felt discouraged, strangely empty. (Cronin)3. There were tangerines and apples stained with strawberry pink. (Mansfield)4. He came in slowly, hesitated, took up a toothpick from a dish on the top of the piano, and went out again. (Mansfield)5. But I was exceedingly nice, a trifle diffident, appropriately reverential. (Mansfield)6. From the edge of the sea came a ripple and whisper. (Wells)7. They went side by side, hand in hand, silently toward the hedge. (Galsworthy)8. The light oiltside had chilled, and threw a chalky whiteness on the river. (Galsworthy)9. Thousands of sheets must be printed, dried, cut. (Heym)10. Opening the drawer he took from the sachet a handkerchief and the framed photograph of Fleur. (Galsworthy)II. The Captain was mostly concerned about himself, his own comfort, his own safety. (Heym)12. Her mother was speaking in her low, pleasing, slightly metallic voice. (Galsvuorthy) 13. And suddenly she burst into tears of disappointment, shame and overstrain. (Galsworthy)14. She extended a slender hand and smiled pleasantly and naturally. (Wales) 15. Then, without a word of warning, without the shadow of a provocation, he bit that poodle's near foreleg. (Jerome /C- Jerome) 16. It could be smashed by violence but never forced to fulfil. (Stone)17. Never before had the friar had such power and never had his voice rung out with such a clap of doom. (Stone)


Exercise 29. Analyse the following sentences.

1. His heart felt swollen in his chest. (Stone) 2. The girl [Aileen] was really, beautiful and much above the average intelligence and force. (Dreiser)3. Footsore and downhearted, they were making their way back to Coolgardie doing a bit of prospecting. (Prichard)4. The idleness made him cranky. (Stone)5. The prior's hearty, warm-cheeked face went dark at the mention of Savanarola's name. (Stone)6. Ah, to be a soldier, Michelangelo, to fight in mortal combat, to kill the enemy with sword and lance, conquer new lands and all their women? That is the life! (Stone) 7. He said it in a very mature, man-to-man tone. (Warren)8. Evidently George and the sheriff were getting along in a very friendly way, for all the former's bitter troubles and lack of means. (Dreiser)9. Together they sketched the apostles, the one bald-headed, the other supporting the weeping John. (Stone)10. With all his brightness and cleverness and general good qualities, Mr. Franklin's chance of topping Mr. Godfrey in our young lady's estimation was, in my opinion, a very poor chance indeed. (Collins)11. Suddenly all the differences between life and death became apparent. (Stone)12. Michelangelo began to see pictures in his mind: of struggles between men, of the rescue of women, of the wounded, the dying. (Stone)13. I am a thousand times cleverer and more charming than that creature, for all her wealth. (Thackeray)14.1'mnot accustomed to having more than one drink. (Tennessee Williams)15. Bertoldo, I feel the need to be solitary, to work beyond all eyes, even yours. (Stone)16. Miss Fulton laid her moonbeam fingers on his cheeks and smiled her sleepy smile. (Mansfield)17. Sally found it difficult to visit anybody herself. (Prichard)18. And surely, no man in his senses wants the disastrous consequences of this rush to go any further. (Prichard)19. To draw one does not need big muscles. (Stone)20. And yet, as though overcome, she flung down on a couch and pressed her hands to her eyes. (Mansfield)21. It was a simple face and could have been handsome, in spite of its saffron colouring, but for the soft, full mouth. (Cronin)22. The Lieutenant, without cap, sword or gloves, and much improved in temper and spirits by his meal, chooses the lady's side of the room, and waits, much at his ease, for Napoleon to begin. (Shaw)23. With his strange, hawking cry and the jangle of the cans the milk-boy went his rounds. (Mansfield)24. The man and daughter, the mother being dead, brought their letter from a church in West Tennessee and were accepted forthwith into fellowship. (Warren)25. He could not bring himself to face Stanek. (Heym)26. There was a two-storey new wing, with a smart bathroom between each two bedrooms and almost up-to-date fittings.. (Lawrence)27. Her [Aileen's] eyes gleamed almost pleadingly for all her hauteur, like a spirited collie's, and her even teeth showed beautifully. (Dreiser)28. In the afternoon, leaning from my window, I saw him pass down the street, walking tremulously and carrying the bag. (Lawrence)29. Amazed and amused, they watched white men scurrying about the ridge, digging and burrowing into the earth like great rats. (Prichard)30. He sat down by the oak tree, in the sun, his fur coat thrown open, his hat roofing with its flat top the pale square of his face. (Galsworthy)31. She was remaining upstairs to give Mary full pleasure of being hostess at her own party. (Murdoch)32. It was pleasant to travel this way, all expenses paid by "the Firm". (Warren)33. One of them even opened the car door for him, with the awkward deference ritually paid in Johntown to the crippled or sick. (Warren)34. She was sitting there very quietly, her legs bent back under her, her yellow skirt evenly spread to make a circle on the green grass, her hands lying supine, slightly curled, and empty on her lap, in a sweet humility, her waist rising very straight and small from the spread circle of the skirt, her back very straight but her neck gently inclining to one side. (Warren)


WORD ORDER



Exercise 1. Comment on the word order and explain the cases of inversion.

1. Martin Eden had been mastered by curiosity all his days. (London)2. "What did the-master say exactly?" "Well, of course, I wasn't supposed to hear." (Christie)3. Well, come on, shall I go, or shan't I? Half past three—it's quite a good time. (Christie)4 "Is Mrs Oliver at home?" asked Rhoda. (Christie)5. There was a curious expression on her face—a mingling of grim determination and of strange indecision. (Christie) 6. Yes, here he was, without Savina, on his way to total disillusion about the biggest research development of his time. (Wilson)7. Suddenly the door opened and admitted the Baron. Followed a complete and deathlike silence. (Mansfield)8. But never, never could he have anticipated that evening, some months after the birth of their child. (Cronin)9. However, not for the world would he be different from the others. (Cronin)10. Not often did he unbend to his servants, but as the butler tucked the rug round his knees he spoke to him. (Cronin)11. This morning, however, he was scarcely in the mood for one of those long conversations which so often beguiled the tedious hours. Nor could he bring himself to glance at the lesson books. (Cronin), 12. Jose did not answer. Fretfully the Consul shifted his position. (Cronin)13. So immersed was the little boy that he did not hear the car. (Cronin)14. No sooner had they disappeared than Nicholas heard the sound of clattering footsteps. (Cronin)15. Not for an instant did he believe that Nicholas spoke the truth. (Cronin)16. On they went. Once Alvin let out a sharp exclamation. (Cronin)17. He'd been one of those fair babies that everybody took for a girl. Silvery fair curls he had, blue eyes and a little freckle like a diamond on one side of his nose. (Mansfield)18. Outside, waiting at the back entrance, was a tall, well-proportioned youth of 19 years old. (Cronin)19. Up the staircase he went, falling down, picking himself up again, feeling no hurt. (Cronin)20. Yet not for the world would he have revealed the strange inexplicable bitterness which rankled within his breast. (Cronin)21. So positive was his belief that he would never see his son alive that the shock almost deprived him of his reason. (Cronin)22. Tall and graceful she was, in a well-made dress of dark blue silk, almost the colour of her eyes. (Prichard)23. Were I less attached to you, I might pretend to gloss it over. Had I a slighter regard for your intelligence, I should perhaps withhold from you. (Cronin)24. In front of the candles as at an altar stood one of my presents to her, a pair of Chinese incense holders in the form of little bronze warriors, who held aloft as spears the glowing sticks of incense. (Murdoch)25. So it's you that have disgraced the family, (Voynich)26. At the sides of the house were bushes of lilac entirely hiding the farm buildings behind. (Lawrence)27. A fresh wrong did these words inflict. (Ch. Bronte)28. Marble was the hero of his life and his fate. Not until this very moment with his hands tenderly, lovingly on the marble had he come fully alive. (Stone)29. Hardly had we been in our cell half an hour, when a convict sauntered down the gallery and looked in. (London)30. He did not speak: nor did I. (Maltz)31. Happy she never seemed, but quick, sharp, absorbed, full of imagination and changeability. (Lawrence)32. At this period came the young Skrebensky. (Lawrence)33. Only once did Michelangelo go to the master of the studio for help. (Stone)34. Alany a tear did I shed at night. (Ch. Bronte)35. His cap was a dainty thing, his close-buttoned blue cloth roundabout was new and natty, and so were his pantaloons. (Twain)36. Little did my poor aunt imagine what a gush of devout thankfulness thrilled through me... (Collins)37. "I hate to leave our fine house." "So do I." (Hemingway)38. A snowy white silk blouse, falling well open, showed off her long neck. (Murdoch)39. Directly in front of her window was a stone parapet... (Murdoch)40. Never, indeed, would he forgive her that episode. (Cronin)


Exercise 2. Translate into English.

1. Когда уходит поезд в Киев? 2. Разногласия у них были только по одному пункту. 3. Больше ни одного слова не сказала она по дороге домой. 4. Он всегда был очень терпелив с детьми. Один только раз он рассердился на них. 5. Не успели мы войти в комнату, как начался дождь. 6. Когда я подошла к опушке леса, я увидела огромный зеленый луг. Никогда я не видела такого чудесного зрелища. 7. Как ни трудна была книга, мы читали ее с удовольствием. 8. Я так устала после экскурсии, что не могла идти в театр. Напрасно сестра пыталась уговорить меня, я не соглашалась. 9. Вот идет мой автобус. До свидания. 10. Такой интересный был спектакль, что мы жалели, когда он кончился. 11. Было бы у меня больше времени, я бы стала изучать итальянский язык. 12. Только когда она была уже в поезде, она вспомнила, что оставила зонтик дома.


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